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RFC 5769

 
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Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) R. Denis-Courmont Request for Comments: 5769 Nokia Category: Informational April 2010 ISSN: 2070-1721 Test Vectors for Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) Abstract The Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN) protocol defines several STUN attributes. The content of some of these -- FINGERPRINT, MESSAGE-INTEGRITY, and XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS -- involve binary-logical operations (hashing, xor). This document provides test vectors for those attributes. Status of This Memo This document is not an Internet Standards Track specification; it is published for informational purposes. This document is a product of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF). It represents the consensus of the IETF community. It has received public review and has been approved for publication by the Internet Engineering Steering Group (IESG). Not all documents approved by the IESG are a candidate for any level of Internet Standard; see Section 2 of RFC 5741. Information about the current status of this document, any errata, and how to provide feedback on it may be obtained at http://www.rfc-editor.org/info/rfc5769. Copyright Notice Copyright (c) 2010 IETF Trust and the persons identified as the document authors. All rights reserved. This document is subject to BCP 78 and the IETF Trust's Legal Provisions Relating to IETF Documents (http://trustee.ietf.org/license-info) in effect on the date of publication of this document. Please review these documents carefully, as they describe your rights and restrictions with respect to this document. Code Components extracted from this document must include Simplified BSD License text as described in Section 4.e of the Trust Legal Provisions and are provided without warranty as described in the Simplified BSD License. Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 1]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 This document may contain material from IETF Documents or IETF Contributions published or made publicly available before November 10, 2008. The person(s) controlling the copyright in some of this material may not have granted the IETF Trust the right to allow modifications of such material outside the IETF Standards Process. Without obtaining an adequate license from the person(s) controlling the copyright in such materials, this document may not be modified outside the IETF Standards Process, and derivative works of it may not be created outside the IETF Standards Process, except to format it for publication as an RFC or to translate it into languages other than English. Table of Contents 1. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2. Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1. Sample Request . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 2.2. Sample IPv4 Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3. Sample IPv6 Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 2.4. Sample Request with Long-Term Authentication . . . . . . . 8 3. Security Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 4. Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5. References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5.1. Normative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 5.2. Informative References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Appendix A. Source Code for Test Vectors . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 2]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 1. Introduction The Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN)[RFC5389] protocol defines two different hashes that may be included in messages exchanged by peers implementing that protocol: FINGERPRINT attribute: a 32-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check. MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute: an HMAC-SHA1 [RFC2104] authentication code. This document provides samples of properly formatted STUN messages including these hashes, for the sake of testing implementations of the STUN protocol. 2. Test Vectors All included vectors are represented as a series of hexadecimal values in network byte order. Each pair of hexadecimal digits represents one byte. Messages follow the Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE) Connectivity Checks use case of STUN (see [RFC5245]). These messages include FINGERPRINT, MESSAGE-INTEGRITY, and XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS STUN attributes. These attributes are considered to be most prone to implementation errors. An additional message is provided to test STUN authentication with long-term credentials (which is not used by ICE). In the following sample messages, two types of plain UTF-8 text attributes are included. The values of certain of these attributes were purposely sized to require padding. Non-ASCII characters are represented as <U+xxxx> where xxxx is the hexadecimal number of their Unicode code point. In this document, ASCII white spaces (U+0020) are used for padding within the first three messages - this is arbitrary. Similarly, the last message uses nul bytes for padding. As per [RFC5389], padding bytes may take any value. Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 3]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 2.1. Sample Request This request uses the following parameters: Software name: "STUN test client" (without quotes) Username: "evtj:h6vY" (without quotes) Password: "VOkJxbRl1RmTxUk/WvJxBt" (without quotes) 00 01 00 58 Request type and message length 21 12 a4 42 Magic cookie b7 e7 a7 01 } bc 34 d6 86 } Transaction ID fa 87 df ae } 80 22 00 10 SOFTWARE attribute header 53 54 55 4e } 20 74 65 73 } User-agent... 74 20 63 6c } ...name 69 65 6e 74 } 00 24 00 04 PRIORITY attribute header 6e 00 01 ff ICE priority value 80 29 00 08 ICE-CONTROLLED attribute header 93 2f f9 b1 } Pseudo-random tie breaker... 51 26 3b 36 } ...for ICE control 00 06 00 09 USERNAME attribute header 65 76 74 6a } 3a 68 36 76 } Username (9 bytes) and padding (3 bytes) 59 20 20 20 } 00 08 00 14 MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute header 9a ea a7 0c } bf d8 cb 56 } 78 1e f2 b5 } HMAC-SHA1 fingerprint b2 d3 f2 49 } c1 b5 71 a2 } 80 28 00 04 FINGERPRINT attribute header e5 7a 3b cf CRC32 fingerprint Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 4]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 2.2. Sample IPv4 Response This response uses the following parameter: Password: "VOkJxbRl1RmTxUk/WvJxBt" (without quotes) Software name: "test vector" (without quotes) Mapped address: 192.0.2.1 port 32853 01 01 00 3c Response type and message length 21 12 a4 42 Magic cookie b7 e7 a7 01 } bc 34 d6 86 } Transaction ID fa 87 df ae } 80 22 00 0b SOFTWARE attribute header 74 65 73 74 } 20 76 65 63 } UTF-8 server name 74 6f 72 20 } 00 20 00 08 XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute header 00 01 a1 47 Address family (IPv4) and xor'd mapped port number e1 12 a6 43 Xor'd mapped IPv4 address 00 08 00 14 MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute header 2b 91 f5 99 } fd 9e 90 c3 } 8c 74 89 f9 } HMAC-SHA1 fingerprint 2a f9 ba 53 } f0 6b e7 d7 } 80 28 00 04 FINGERPRINT attribute header c0 7d 4c 96 CRC32 fingerprint Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 5]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 2.3. Sample IPv6 Response This response uses the following parameter: Password: "VOkJxbRl1RmTxUk/WvJxBt" (without quotes) Software name: "test vector" (without quotes) Mapped address: 2001:db8:1234:5678:11:2233:4455:6677 port 32853 01 01 00 48 Response type and message length 21 12 a4 42 Magic cookie b7 e7 a7 01 } bc 34 d6 86 } Transaction ID fa 87 df ae } 80 22 00 0b SOFTWARE attribute header 74 65 73 74 } 20 76 65 63 } UTF-8 server name 74 6f 72 20 } 00 20 00 14 XOR-MAPPED-ADDRESS attribute header 00 02 a1 47 Address family (IPv6) and xor'd mapped port number 01 13 a9 fa } a5 d3 f1 79 } Xor'd mapped IPv6 address bc 25 f4 b5 } be d2 b9 d9 } 00 08 00 14 MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute header a3 82 95 4e } 4b e6 7b f1 } 17 84 c9 7c } HMAC-SHA1 fingerprint 82 92 c2 75 } bf e3 ed 41 } 80 28 00 04 FINGERPRINT attribute header c8 fb 0b 4c CRC32 fingerprint Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 6]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 2.4. Sample Request with Long-Term Authentication This request uses the following parameters: Username: "<U+30DE><U+30C8><U+30EA><U+30C3><U+30AF><U+30B9>" (without quotes) unaffected by SASLprep [RFC4013] processing Password: "The<U+00AD>M<U+00AA>tr<U+2168>" and "TheMatrIX" (without quotes) respectively before and after SASLprep processing Nonce: "f//499k954d6OL34oL9FSTvy64sA" (without quotes) Realm: "example.org" (without quotes) 00 01 00 60 Request type and message length 21 12 a4 42 Magic cookie 78 ad 34 33 } c6 ad 72 c0 } Transaction ID 29 da 41 2e } 00 06 00 12 USERNAME attribute header e3 83 9e e3 } 83 88 e3 83 } aa e3 83 83 } Username value (18 bytes) and padding (2 bytes) e3 82 af e3 } 82 b9 00 00 } 00 15 00 1c NONCE attribute header 66 2f 2f 34 } 39 39 6b 39 } 35 34 64 36 } 4f 4c 33 34 } Nonce value 6f 4c 39 46 } 53 54 76 79 } 36 34 73 41 } 00 14 00 0b REALM attribute header 65 78 61 6d } 70 6c 65 2e } Realm value (11 bytes) and padding (1 byte) 6f 72 67 00 } 00 08 00 14 MESSAGE-INTEGRITY attribute header f6 70 24 65 } 6d d6 4a 3e } 02 b8 e0 71 } HMAC-SHA1 fingerprint 2e 85 c9 a2 } 8c a8 96 66 } Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 7]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 3. Security Considerations There are no security considerations. 4. Acknowledgments The author would like to thank Marc Petit-Huguenin, Philip Matthews and Dan Wing for their inputs, and Brian Korver, Alfred E. Heggestad and Gustavo Garcia for their reviews. 5. References 5.1. Normative References [RFC5389] Rosenberg, J., Mahy, R., Matthews, P., and D. Wing, "Session Traversal Utilities for NAT (STUN)", RFC 5389, October 2008. [RFC5245] Rosenberg, J., "Interactive Connectivity Establishment (ICE): A Protocol for Network Address Translator (NAT) Traversal for Offer/Answer Protocols", RFC 5245, April 2010. 5.2. Informative References [RFC2104] Krawczyk, H., Bellare, M., and R. Canetti, "HMAC: Keyed- Hashing for Message Authentication", RFC 2104, February 1997. [RFC4013] Zeilenga, K., "SASLprep: Stringprep Profile for User Names and Passwords", RFC 4013, February 2005. Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 8]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 Appendix A. Source Code for Test Vectors const unsigned char req[] = "\x00\x01\x00\x58" "\x21\x12\xa4\x42" "\xb7\xe7\xa7\x01\xbc\x34\xd6\x86\xfa\x87\xdf\xae" "\x80\x22\x00\x10" "STUN test client" "\x00\x24\x00\x04" "\x6e\x00\x01\xff" "\x80\x29\x00\x08" "\x93\x2f\xf9\xb1\x51\x26\x3b\x36" "\x00\x06\x00\x09" "\x65\x76\x74\x6a\x3a\x68\x36\x76\x59\x20\x20\x20" "\x00\x08\x00\x14" "\x9a\xea\xa7\x0c\xbf\xd8\xcb\x56\x78\x1e\xf2\xb5" "\xb2\xd3\xf2\x49\xc1\xb5\x71\xa2" "\x80\x28\x00\x04" "\xe5\x7a\x3b\xcf"; Request message Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 9]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 const unsigned char respv4[] = "\x01\x01\x00\x3c" "\x21\x12\xa4\x42" "\xb7\xe7\xa7\x01\xbc\x34\xd6\x86\xfa\x87\xdf\xae" "\x80\x22\x00\x0b" "\x74\x65\x73\x74\x20\x76\x65\x63\x74\x6f\x72\x20" "\x00\x20\x00\x08" "\x00\x01\xa1\x47\xe1\x12\xa6\x43" "\x00\x08\x00\x14" "\x2b\x91\xf5\x99\xfd\x9e\x90\xc3\x8c\x74\x89\xf9" "\x2a\xf9\xba\x53\xf0\x6b\xe7\xd7" "\x80\x28\x00\x04" "\xc0\x7d\x4c\x96"; IPv4 response message const unsigned char respv6[] = "\x01\x01\x00\x48" "\x21\x12\xa4\x42" "\xb7\xe7\xa7\x01\xbc\x34\xd6\x86\xfa\x87\xdf\xae" "\x80\x22\x00\x0b" "\x74\x65\x73\x74\x20\x76\x65\x63\x74\x6f\x72\x20" "\x00\x20\x00\x14" "\x00\x02\xa1\x47" "\x01\x13\xa9\xfa\xa5\xd3\xf1\x79" "\xbc\x25\xf4\xb5\xbe\xd2\xb9\xd9" "\x00\x08\x00\x14" "\xa3\x82\x95\x4e\x4b\xe6\x7b\xf1\x17\x84\xc9\x7c" "\x82\x92\xc2\x75\xbf\xe3\xed\x41" "\x80\x28\x00\x04" "\xc8\xfb\x0b\x4c"; IPv6 response message Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 10]
RFC 5769 STUN Test Vectors April 2010 const unsigned char reqltc[] = "\x00\x01\x00\x60" "\x21\x12\xa4\x42" "\x78\xad\x34\x33\xc6\xad\x72\xc0\x29\xda\x41\x2e" "\x00\x06\x00\x12" "\xe3\x83\x9e\xe3\x83\x88\xe3\x83\xaa\xe3\x83\x83" "\xe3\x82\xaf\xe3\x82\xb9\x00\x00" "\x00\x15\x00\x1c" "\x66\x2f\x2f\x34\x39\x39\x6b\x39\x35\x34\x64\x36" "\x4f\x4c\x33\x34\x6f\x4c\x39\x46\x53\x54\x76\x79" "\x36\x34\x73\x41" "\x00\x14\x00\x0b" "\x65\x78\x61\x6d\x70\x6c\x65\x2e\x6f\x72\x67\x00" "\x00\x08\x00\x14" "\xf6\x70\x24\x65\x6d\xd6\x4a\x3e\x02\xb8\xe0\x71" "\x2e\x85\xc9\xa2\x8c\xa8\x96\x66"; Request with long-term credentials Author's Address Remi Denis-Courmont Nokia Corporation P.O. Box 407 NOKIA GROUP 00045 FI Phone: +358 50 487 6315 EMail: remi.denis-courmont@nokia.com Denis-Courmont Informational [Page 11]

   

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